For most small acreage farm owners, the prime criteria for choosing cattle breeds are financial viability and ease of handling. This is where the Lowline provide a sound investment option. Naturally being of a quiet and docile temperament, the Lowlines are black in color with very few calving problems. They are easier to manage than larger breeds. Not only are the Lowlines charming, but they may be the answer to naturally raised, sustainable beef throughout Canada.
Lowline/aberdeen HistoryLowline/Aberdeen cattle are a pure Australian breed of cattle which was established in 1929. The original cattle were purchased from an Aberdeen Angus seedstock producer in Brandon, Mb.
In 1974 the Trangie herd was divided into 3 groups based on yearling growht rates. They became high lines , low lines, and control lines. The Australian government began a research program involving a detailed evaluation of weight gain, feed intakes, reproductive performance, carcass yield and quality.
After 15 years the low line were approximately 30% smaller than the high lines. The original lowline herd consisted of 85 cows which were joined to yearling bulls that had been selected for low line growth.
In 1992 after all research had been completed the lowline had been created. The herd was sold and the Australian Lowline Association was formed.
In 1996, six lowline cows were brought to Canada and placed in an embryo transfer program in Alberta. Now the Canadian Lowline and American Lowline Associations were formed.
The average Lowline calf can weigh anywhere from around 40 to 60 lbs. Lowline cows take to the calves right off and mother very well.
Some advantages of the Lowline include: high feed conversion, longevity, sound feet and legs. Lowline carcass yields have been reported to be between 60 and 70%.
The stocking rate is a very important ratio to understand, just 5 acres of land is enough to raise 10 Lowline cows, which yields 3 times more beef than 2 normal sized cows, using only a third of the amount of feed. The limited feed intake significantly reduces production costs for the farmer.
The mature cows are approximately 39-44 inches and 800-1000lbs and the bulls about 44-49 inches and 1000-1400lbs. They are about 60% of the size of an Angus animal today
What do they taste like?There is no compromise however, on the quality and flavor of the beef; this ensures that Lowline cattle fetch good returns on your investment . “The bigger the cow, the longer the cells in the muscle are. A shorter cell means more tender beef, so smaller breeds have naturally better flavor.”
Advantages of Lowlines over full sized cattle*Premium, well marbled lean cuts. Smaller, better for today’s diet conscious consumer.
*Ideal for smaller acreages, less stress on facilities, pasture, and equipment.
*Friendly, docile and easy to handle.
*Ideal for teaching responsibility of owning and raising cattle on a smaller scale.
*Perfect amount of meat for the freezer. Less expense than raising full size beef.
*Allow you to easily maintain Agricultural status for tax purposes.
***Smaller birth weight makes Lowline bulls a good choice for full size first calf heifers.
*Less waste, better meat to bone ratio than full size cattle.
"We chose Lowline Angus for our farm because of the higher stocking- Perry, Painted Post Lowlines
rates, as compared to full size commercial cattle. Lowlines are more compact, which means more animals per acre, but also means more produced beef per acre."